Summer 1- Wonders of the World

This half term our project in Year 4 is Wonders of the World. As part of this project we will learn about the different wonders or the world (ancient and modern), we will look at the structures of buildings and how buildings have changed over time. You will all take part in some design technology where you will work as a group to design and build your own structures, thinking carefully about how strong and durable your structure will be.

As part of our science for this half term we will be learning about ‘states of matter’- do you know what this means? We touched on it very briefly when we discussed sound and how it travels!

In English we will be writing stories based on other cultures and we will try to link these to the Wonders of the World.

  • What do you know about Wonders of the World?

  • Do you know what the official Wonders of the World are?

  • What puts them in that category?

  • Have you ever visited any Wonders of the World?

  • What do you think should be Wonders of the World?

  • Do you think there will be new Wonders of the World in the future?

 

49 Responses

  • Harry WR says:

    The Burj Khalifa, located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is the tallest artificial structure in the world, and the world’s tallest building, standing at 2,722 feet. The burj khalifa was originally called burj Dubai.

  • Harry WR says:

    Ancient Egyptian pyramids are the most well known pyramid structures.

    Most Ancient Egyptian pyramids were built as tombs for Pharaohs and their families.

    Over 130 pyramids have been discovered in Egypt

    The first Egyptian pyramid is believed to be the Pyramid of Djoser, it was built in Saqqara around 4650 years ago (2640 BC)

  • Harry WR says:

    Ancient Egyptian pyramids are the most well known pyramid structures.

    Most Ancient Egyptian pyramids were built as tombs for Pharaohs and their families.

    Over 130 pyramids have been discovered in Egypt

    The first Egyptian pyramid is believed to be the Pyramid of Djoser, it was built in Saqqara around 4650 years ago (2640 BC)

  • Harry WR says:

    The Taj Mahal in India was built by a grief-stricken emperor Shah Jahan. His wife Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 while giving birth to their 14th child. Construction of the Taj Mahal began one year later and it was built to be the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal.

  • Harry WR says:

    Christ the Redeemer Statue is one of the most iconic images of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. Cristo Redentor (as it is called in Portuguese) is an architecture wonder, a tourist attraction, a religious symbol, a Rio de Janeiro’s landmark.

  • Harry WR says:

    The ancient wonders of the world are, The roman coliseum, The taj mhal , the great wall of china, petra Jordan , Christ redeemer,machu picchu

  • Harry WR says:

    my favourite mega structure is the pyramid of giza because nobody knows how it was built its like a mystery waiting to be found out.

  • Harry WR says:

    burj khalifa has the longest single running elevator, which is 140 floors. The elevators go 10 meters per second and are among the fastest in the world. It took us approximately only one minute to reach the observation deck on the 124th floor.

    The weight of the concrete is equivalent to 100,000 elephants. The total weight of aluminum used on the Burj Khalifa is equivalent to that of five A380 aircraft.

    Aside from holding the world record for being the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa holds six other world records. The Burj Khalifa is also the tallest freestanding structure in the world, has the highest number of stories in the world, has the highest occupied floor in the world, has the highest outdoor observation deck in the world, has the elevator with longest travel distance in the world, and has the tallest service elevator in the world.

    The tip of the sphere of the Burj Khalifa can be seen from up to 95 kilometers away.

    At the peak of construction, 12,000 workers worked on the building per day.

    It took more than 110,000 tons of concrete, 55,000 tons of steel rebar, and 22 million man-hours to complete the Burj Khalifa.

  • Harry WR says:

    he pyramid is estimated to have around 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons each and there are even some blocks that weigh over 50 tons.

    The base of the pyramid covers 55,000 m2 (592,000 ft 2) with each side greater than 20,000 m2 (218,000 ft2) in area.

    The interior temperature is constant and equals the average temperature of the earth, 20 Degrees Celsius (68 Degrees Fahrenheit).

  • Harry WR says:

    It is 98 feet tall (not including the 26 foot pedestal), and the arms stretch to 92 feet wide. Christ the Redeemer is located in the Tijuca Forest National Forest, at the top of the Corcovado Mountain. The statue is considered an icon of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. Christ the Redeemer is the 5th largest statue of Jesus.

    Christ the Redeemer is the largest art deco statue in the world. It is 98 feet tall (not including the 26 foot pedestal), and the arms stretch to 92 feet wide.

  • Harry WR says:

    Also called Al-Batrā in Arabic, Petra is a historical and archaeological city located in southern Jordanian governorate of Ma’a. The city has managed to ‘wow’ the world with its elaborate stone-cut architecture as well as water conduit system. The city is also fondly referred to as the ‘Rose city’ due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved. Below are a few interesting facts about the city that may induce you into trying out the Middle East tourism.

  • Harry WR says:

    Among the Petra’s amazing architecture, The Treasury is the most popular. It is estimated to be over 2,000 years.

  • Harry WR says:

    The Bedouin of the Arabian Desert have destroyed some of the most priceless carvings on the Treasury’s walls. They used the carvings as target during their shooting practice.

    The structures on most of the Petra Archaeologicalsite have been weakened by the salt that is blown from the dead sea and which crystalizes on the building’s columns.

    Petra is though to have been built during the Byzantine Era of the 5th and 6th AD when Petra became an important Christian center.

  • Harry WR says:

    hope you find this wheely interesting.

    The London Eye was preceded by The Great Wheel, a 40-car feris wheel built for the Empire of India Exhibition at Earls Court.

    When it was built in 1999, the 443ft (135m) tall wheel was the world’s tallest.

  • Harry WR says:

    With more than 3.75m visitors annually, The London Eye is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the UK.

  • Harry WR says:

    mount Vesuvius is a volcano in southern Italy that sat dormant for centuries. That all changed on August 24, 79 AD, when a massive eruption destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, submerging them under layers of volcanic material and mud and killing thousands of people. Here are 10 facts about Mt.29 Apr 2015

  • Harry WR says:

    Everest is 29,035 feet or 8848 meters high
    The summit is the border of Nepal to the south and China or Tibet on the north
    It is over 60 million years old
    Everest was formed by the movement of the Indian tectonic plate pushing up and against the Asian plate
    Everest grows by about a quarter of an inch (0.25″) every year
    It consist of different types of shale, limestone and marble
    The rocky summit is covered with deep snow all year long.

  • Harry WR says:

    he Colosseum was built between 72 A.D and 80 A.D under the Emperor Vespasian, in the heart of Ancient Rome.

    Made from stone and concrete, this magnificent monument was built with the man power of tens of thousands of slaves.

  • Harry WR says:

    the golden gate bridge

    Three years after completing the transcontinental railroad, Charles Crocker, a railroad executive, made a presentation to the Marin County Board of Supervisors in which he laid out plans for a bridge that would span the Golden Gate Strait, the entrance to the ocean from San Francisco Bay. (The strait was named Chrysopylae, Greek for “golden gate,” by U.S. Army Captain John Fremont in 1846.) Many didn’t believe it could be done: At its narrowest point, the strait was still more than a mile wide, with turbulent currents ranging from 4.5 to 7.5 knots. The project wouldn’t be seriously considered until 1919, when the San Francisco Board of Supervisors had the city’s engineer, Michael O’Shaughnessy, do a study to determine the feasibility of a bridge. The initial results estimated that constructing a bridge would cost $100 million.

  • Harry WR says:

    When it was done it was the tallest building in the world at the time, except for the Great Pyramid. It was built on the island of Pharos, to help guide trade ships into its busy harbor at Alexandria, Egypt. The lighthouse was damaged by several earthquakes and eventually became an abandoned ruin.

  • Harry WR says:

    The most popular theory is that the gardens were built by king Nebuchadnezzar II to make his wife happy. She was homesick for the plants and gardens of her homeland. King Nebuchadnezzar II ruled Babylon from 605BC, for a period of 43 years. It was during this time that he is said to have had the Hanging Gardens built.

  • Harry WR says:

    Chichen Itza is classified as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World and in 1988 was enlisted as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Harry WR says:

    One of the Seven Wonders of the World.

    No wheels were used to transport heavy rocks for the construction of the city.

    Structures were built with a technique called “ashlar.” Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. Remarkably, not even a needle can fit in between two stones.

    The citadel is divided in two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the Inca tradition.

    In the Quechua native language, “Machu Picchu” means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain.”

    Many of the stones that were used to build the city weighed more than 50 tons. How did these stones get up the mountain? Some were chiseled from the granite bedrock of the mountain ridge. For others, hundreds of men pushed the heavy rocks up the steep mountain side.

  • Harry WR says:

    adaling is the most visited section (63,000,000 visitors in 2001). And in the first week of May and October, the visitor flow can be up to 70,000 per day.

    simataiThe Great Wall at Simatai
    6. The average height of the Great Wall at Badaling and Juyong Pass is 7.88 meters, and the highest place is 14 meters high.

    7. Nearly 1/3 of the Great Wall has disappeared without trace.

    8. Since 1644, when the Ming Dynasty was overthrown, no further work has been done on the Great Wall (for military purposes — some has

  • Harry WR says:

    in chinease the great wall of china says this

    中国的长城

  • Harry WR says:

    the Temple of Artemis, despite being built in Turkey, was actually a Greek temple which was built in dedication to the Goddess Artemis.

  • Harry WR says:

    The city of Halicarnassus where Mausolus and Artemisia ruled is now known as Bodrum, Turkey.
    The word mausoleum originates from the name Mausolus. The term mausoleum became the name used for tombs built above ground from that time on.
    Mausolus’ wife Artemisia was also his sister. It was common in those days for rulers to marry their sisters.
    Artemisia hired famous Greek artists to build the tomb. Two Greek architects Pytheos and Satyros designed the shape of the tomb. There were also a variety of artists who contributed various cultural influences to the tomb, including Greek, Lycian and Egyptian.
    Artemisia died two years after Mausolus, before the tomb was completed.
    At the top of the tomb there was a sculpture created by Pytheos. The carving depicted Mausolus and Artemisia in a chariot being pulled by four massive horses.
    Other Greek artists that worked on the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus include Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros, Timotheus and Leochares.
    Most of the mausoleum was made of marble. It was surrounded by a courtyard.
    A staircase was built leading up the platform where the mausoleum stood. There were stone lions flanking the staircase.
    There were scenes of Greek and Amazon warriors and their battles in scriptural relief (very similar to the images in coins – slightly raised) on the walls of the mausoleum.
    Alexander the Great took over the city in 334 BC but the Mausoleum was left untouched.
    When pirates attacked the city in 58 and 62 BC, the Mausoleum was again left undamaged.
    In the 13th century, earthquakes toppled the columns of the Mausoleum and the stone chariot was destroyed
    In the 13th century crusaders took over the city. They used many parts of the Mausoleum to construct their buildings. If you visit the castle at Halicarnassus you can still see pieces of the tomb that were used to strengthen the castle walls.
    By 1401 AD, all that was left was the base of the tomb.
    In the 1800s an archaeologist names Charles Newton discovered the remnants of the mausoleum. He found the statues of Mausolus and Artemisia and a piece of the wheel of the chariot. They can be seen at the Mausoleum Room in the British Museum.
    The mausoleum was raided by crusaders in approximately 1522 and any treasures or the bodies of Mausolus and Artemisia were gone.
    Some people think that Mausolus and Artemisia were cremated and placed in urns in the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Some think they were buried in coffins. There is no proof for either theory.
    The Antipater of Sidon, who was in charge of listing the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, chose to include the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. His reason was that he considered it to be an aesthetic triumph.

  • Harry WR says:

    He was the king of all the other gods. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was about 42 feet tall. The statue was made of a wooden frame and covered in ivory and gold panels. The sculptor Phidias had previously created a similar sized statue of the goddess Athena.

  • Harry WR says:

    The statue’s full name is Liberty Enlightening the World It was a gift from France, given to America in 1886.
    The head of the statue was displayed at the World’s Fair in Paris in 1878.
    The robed female figure represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom.

    She holds a torch and tablet upon which is inscribed the date of American Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776).

  • Harry WR says:

    The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the most iconic megastructures in San Francisco, officially opening in 1937 to provide increased links from the city to Marin County, which was previously only accessible by ferry.

  • Harry WR says:

    Kingda Ka: New Jersey
    The impressive rollercoaster, Kingda Ka, situated at Six Flags Great Adventure is the tallest steel rollercoaster in the world at 456ft, reaching top speeds of 128mph in 3.5 seconds through the use of a hydraulic launch mechanism.

    Built by Intamin, the rollercoaster opened in 2005 and has become one of the most popular rollercoasters in the region, incorporating four trains to cater for the increased number of thrill seekers. Once they reach the top height of 456ft, “riders descend 418ft back down to Earth in a 270 degree spiral.”

  • Harry WR says:

    Completed on March 31, 1889, the tower was the world’s tallest man-made structure for 41 years until the completion of the Chrysler Building in New York in 1930.

    2. It is 324 metres tall (including antennas) and weighs 10,100 tonnes.

    It was the tallest structure in France until the construction of a military transmitter in the town of Saissac in 1973. The Millau Viaduct, completed in 2004, is

  • Harry WR says:

    my favourite megastructure is the burj khalifa because it is the the tallest building in the world thats what i love about it.

  • Harry WR says:

    The definition of a mega structure is a large construction or structure such as the christ redeemer

  • Harry WR says:

    Built in several stages, Stonehenge began about 5,000 years ago as a simple earthwork enclosure where prehistoric people buried their cremated dead. The stone circle was erected in the centre of the monument in the late Neolithic period, around 2500 BC.

  • Harry WR says:

    The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

  • Harry WR says:

    Sears Tower

    When this 108-storey tower was completed in 1973 it was known as the tallest building in America and held this title for 25 years. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Chicago, Illinois and now boasts being the second tallest skyscraper in the country, sitting at 442 metres high. In 2009, the Willis Group obtained naming rights to the building after taking over a large portion of its office space and the building was officially renamed the Willis Tower; however, most still refer to it by its well-known, historical name. It is the eighth tallest individual structure in the world

  • Ahmed says:

    The Burj Kalifa is the worlds tallest tower in the world at the size of 2.716.5 feet and 160 stories.
    The burj kalifa is the tallest skyscraper and it is in Dubai and you can also go to the top of the Burj Kalifa and you can see everything from the top of the Burj Kalifa and you will say it is the best view in your life.
    I have been there 7times but i have never been to the top of the Burj Kalifa

  • Aaminah says:

    The Taj Mahal , in Agra located in India is one of the official 7 wonders of the world . It is a symmetrical place and it took 100 elephants to help build it ! It is made out of marble. Millions of people go to visit it today because it is a very famous structure.

  • Dante says:

    The Petra, Jordon

    The Petra is an ancient wonder of the world which is over 1700 years ago! Petra Actually means “rock” in Greek and it was built in a small desert alley completely surrounded bye sandstone cliffs. In a timeline it would be the oldest structure this is the order we put our timeline in, Petra, The Great Wall of China, the collosseum, The chicken Itza, the Machu Picchu, The Taj Mahal and the Christ the redeemer.

  • Haris says:

    Did you know that the Burj Khalifah is 2717 feat high.
    It was built in 2010 1st of January.

  • Dante says:

    The colosseum,

    The colosseum made from stone and concrete was built with the man power of tens and thousands of slaves who were probably very tired. This magnificent monument is located in Rome, Italy and was built in 72AD – 80AD. This is a massive stadium which was used in the olden days they never had the brand new macron stadiums where you could just watch Christiano Ronaldo play against Leino Messi.

  • Darcy says:

    These are some facts about Big Ben:
    Big Ben is the nickname for the great bell isn’t that interesting I didn’t know that!!!
    Big Ben was built in 1844 and is still here today,
    Big Ben is.96m tall
    Big Ben opened 31st of May 1859,that’s a long time ago!!!

  • Aaminah says:

    There are 7 official wonders of the world , they are ………..

    Chichen Itza
    Colosseum
    Great Wall of China
    Taj Mahal
    Michu picchu
    Petra Christ the redeemer statue

  • Isabel says:

    Theofficial 7 wonders of the world are Chichen Itza,colosseum,Great wall of China,Taj Mahal,Machu picchu,Petra

  • Joseph says:

    I have been to some of the wonders of the world in North America for example I have been to Yosemite and stayed at the bug rustic it was very fun it was my birthday and we went to a swimming pool. I have also been to San Fransico and been on a bike ride on the Golden Gate Bridge it was very misty but didn’t show on the picture for some weird reason. When I went to Grand Canyon we went there half the day and the next day we did the same and we came back in the evening to match the sunset and it was very nice.

  • Saarah says:

    Mention Petra and chances are that someone will respond with the fimiliar quotation “A red rose city ,half as old as time.”



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